NOTE: For an alternative
prehistory of the Sumerians and those who were here before
them, see the following information.
The Earth Chronicles: Time Chart
- taken from Wars of God and Men, by Zecharia Sitchin
Years Ago I. Events
Before the Deluge
450,000 On Nibiru, a distant
member of our solar system, life faces slow extinction as the planet's
atmosphere erodes. Deposed by Anu, the ruler Alalu escapes in a
spaceship and finds refuge on Earth. He discovers that Earth has gold
that can be used to protect Nibiru's atmosphere.
445,000 Led by Enki, a son of
Anu, the Anunnaki land on Earth, establish Eridu Earth Station 1 for
extracting gold from the waters of the Persian Gulf.
430,000 Earth's climate
mellows. More Anunnaki arrive on Earth, among them Enki's half sister
Ninharsag, Chief Medical Officer.
416,000 As gold production
falters, Anu arrives on Earth with Enlil, the heir apparent. It is
decided to obtain the vital gold by mining it in southern Africa.
Drawing lots, Enfil wins command of Earth Mission; Enki is rele gated
to Africa. On departing Earth, Anu is challenged by Alalu's grandson.
400,000 Seven functional
settlements in southern Mesopotamia include a Spaceport (Sippar).
Mission ControlCenter (Nippur), a metallurgical center (Badtibira), a
medical center (Shuruppak). The ores arrive by ships from Africa; the
refined metal is sent aloft to orbiters manned by Igigi, then
transferred to spaceships arriving periodically from Nibiru.
380,000 Gaining the support
of the Igigi, Alalu's grandson at tempts to seize mastery over Earth.
The Enlilites win the War of the Olden Gods.
300,000 The Anunnaki toiling
in the gold mines mutiny. Enki and Ninharsag create Primitive Workers
through genetic manipulation of Apewoman; they take over the manual
chores of the Anunnaki. Enfil raids the mines, brings the Primitive
Workers to the Edin in Mesopotamia. Given the ability to procreate,
Homo sapiens begins to multiply.
200,000 Life on Earth
regresses during a new glacial period.
100,000 Climate warrns again.
The Anurmaki (the biblical Nefilim), to Enid's growing annoyance, many
the daughters of Man.
75,000 The "accursation of
Eanh" a new Ice Age begins. Regressive types of Man roam the Earth.
Cro Magnon man survives.
49,000 Enki and Ninharsag
elevate humans of Anunnaki parentage to rule in Shuruppak. Enlil,
enraged, plots Mankind's demise.
13,000 Realizing that the
passage of Nibiru in Earth's proximity will trigger an immense tidal
wave, Enlil makes the Anurmaki swear to keep the impending calamity a
secret from Mankind.
B.C. II. Events After
11,000 Enki breaks the oath,
instructs Ziusudra/Noah to build a submersible ship. The Deluge sweeps
over the Earth; the Anunnaki witness the total destruction from their
Enlil agrees to grant the
remnants of Mankind implements and seeds; agriculture begins in the
highlands. Enki domesticates animals.
10,500 The descendants of
Noah are allotted three regions. Ninurta, Enlil's foremost son, dams
the mountains and drains the rivers to make Mesopotamia habitable;
Enki reclaims the Nile valley. The Sinai peninsula is retained by the
Anunnaki for a post-Diluvial spaceport; a control center is
establshied on Mount Moriah (the future Jerusalem).
9780 Ra/Marduk, Enki's
firstborn son, divides dominion over Egypt between Osiris and Seth.
9330 Seth seizes and
dismembers Osiris, assumes sole rule over the Nile Valley.
8970 Horus avenges his father
Osiris by launching the First Pyramid War. Seth escapes to Asia,
seizes the Sinai peninsula and Canaan.
8670 Opposed to the resulting
control of all the space facilities by Enki's descendants, the
Enlilites launch the Second Pyramid War. The victorious Ninurta
empties the Great Pyramid of its equipment.
Ninharsag, half sister of
Enki and Enlil, convenes a peace conference. The division of Earth is
reaffirmed. Rule over Egypt transferred from the Ra/Marcluk dynasty to
that of Thoth. Heliopolis built as a substitute Beacon City.
8500 The Anurmaki establish
outposts at the gateway to the space facilities; Jericho is one of
7400 As the era of peace
continues, the Anunnaki grant Mankind new advances; the Neolithic
period begins. Demigods rule over Egypt.
3800 Urban civilization
begins in Sumer as the Anurmaki reestablish there the Olden Cities,
beginning with Eridu and Nippur.
Anu comes to Earth for a
pageantful visit. A new city, Uruk (Erech), is built in his honor; he
makes its temple the abode of his beloved granddaughter Inanna/Ishtar.
B.C. III. Kingship on
3760 Mankind granted
kingship. Kish is first capital under the aegis of Ninurta. The
calendar begun at Nippur. Civilization blossoms out in Sumer (the
3450 Primacy in Sumer
transferred to Nannar/Sin. Marduk proclaims Babylon "Gateway of the
Gods." The "Tower of Babel" incident. The Anurmaki confuse Mankind's
His coup frustrated, Marduk/Ra
returns to Egypt, deposes Thoth, seizes his younger brother Dumuzi,
who had betrothed Inanna. Dumuzi accidentally killed; Marduk
imprisoned alive in the Great Pyramid. Freed through an emergency
shaft, he goes into exile.
3100 350 years of chaos end
with installation of first Egyp tian Pharaoh in Memphis. Civilization
comes to the Second Region.
2900 Kingship in Sumer
transferred to Erech. Inanna given dominion over the Third Region; the
Indus Valley civilization begins.
2650 Sumer's royal capital
shifts about. Kingship deterio rates. Enlil loses patience with the
unruly human multitudes.
2371 Inanna falls in love
with Sharru Kin (Sargon). He es tablishes new capital city, Agade (Akkad).
Akkadian empire launched.
2316 Aiming to rule the Four
Regions, Sargon removes sa cred soil from Babylon. The Marduk Inanna
conflict flares up again. It ends when Nergal, Marduk's brother,
journeys from south Africa to Babylon and persuades Marduk to leave
2291 Naram Sin ascends the
throne of Akkad. Directed by the warlike Inanna, he penetrates the
Sinai peninsula, invades Egypt.
2255 Inanna usurps the power
in Mesopotamia; Naram Sin defiles Nippur. The Great Anunnaki
obliterate Agade. Inanna escapes. Sumer and Akkad occupied by foreign
troops loyal to Enlil and Ninuna.
2220 Sumerian civilization
rises to new heights under en lightened rulers of Lagash. Thoth helps
its king Gudea build a ziggurat temple for Ninurta.
2193 Terah, Abraham's father,
born in Nippur into a priestly royal family.
2180 Egypt divided; followers
of Ra/Marduk retain the south; Pharaohs opposed to him gain the throne
of lower Egypt.
2130 As Enlil and Ninurta are
increasingly away, central authority also deteriorates in Mesopotamia.
Inanna's attempt to regain the kingship for Erech does not last.
B. C. IV. The Fateful
2123 Abraham born in Nippur.
2113 Enlil entrusts the Lands
of Shem to Nannar; Ur declared capital of new empire. Ur Nammu ascends
throne, is named Protector of Nippur. A Nippurian priest Terah,
Abraham's father comes to Ur to liaison with its royal court.
2096 Ur Nammu dies in battle.
The people consider his untimely death a betrayal by Anu and Enlil.
Terah departs with his family for Harran.
2095 Shulgi ascends the
throne of Ur, strengthens imperial ties. As empire thrives, Shulgi
falls under charms of Inanna, becomes her lover. Grants Larsa to
Elamites in exchange for serving as his Foreign Legion.
2080 Theban princes loyal to
Ra/Marduk press northward under Mentuhotep 1. Nabu, Marduk's son,
gains adherents for his father in Western Asia.
2055 On Narmar's orders,
Shulgi sends Elamite troops to suppress unrest in Canaanite cities.
Elamites reach the gateway to the Sinai peninsula and its Spaceport.
2048 Shulgi dies. Marduk
moves to the Land of the Hittites. Abraham ordered to southern Canaan
with an elite corps of cavalrymen.
2047 Amar Sin (the biblical
Amraphel) becomes king of Ur. Abraham goes to Egypt, stays five years,
then returns with more troops.
2041 Guided by Inanna, Amar
Sin forrns a coalition of Kings of the East, launches military
expedition to Canaan and the Sinai. Its leader is the Elamite
KhedorWomen Abraham blocks the advance at the gateway to the
2038 Shu Sin replaces Amar
Sin on throne of Ur as the empire disintegrates.
2029 Ibbi Sin rep!aces Shu
Sin. The western provinces tilt increasingly to Marduk.
2024 Leading his followers,
Marduk marches on Sumer, enthrones himself in Babylon. Fighting
spreads to central Mesopotamia. Nippur's Holy of Holies is defiled.
Enfil demands punishment for Marduk and Nabu; Enki opposes, but his
son Nergal sides with Enlil.
As Nabu marshals his
Canaanite followers to capture the Spaceport, the Great Anunnaki
approve the use of nuclear weapons. Nergal and Ninurta destroy the
Spaceport and the errant Canaanite cities.
2023 The winds carry the
radioactive cloud to Sumer. People die a terrible death, animals
perish, the water is poisoned, the soil becomes barren. Sumer and its
great civilization lie prostrate. Its legacy passes to Abraham's seed
as he begets at age 100 a legitimate heir: Isaac.
with permission of Zecharia Sitchin.
The Earth Chronicles
1. The 12th Planet
2. The Stairway to Heaven
3. The Wars of Gods and Men
4. The Lost Realms
5. When Time Began
6. Divine Encounters
7. Genesis Revisited
8. The Cosmic Code
9. The Lost Book of Enki